Why is the avocado cultivation growing in this accelerated way in our country? A very interesting question that will be answered in a satisfactory way so that everyone can understand the current situation. A crop that evidently does not stop growing and that has been placed at the top of the planting in Spain given the peculiar circumstances and a series of demographic events that make this country a paradise to achieve abundant harvests and an avocado of international quality.
Why in Spain it has become fashionable to grow avocado
The avocado represents without a doubt the subtropical cultivation more widespread worldwide by managing to increase its demand by 9% annually, a compelling reason why everyone wants to cultivate it thanks to the enormous profits and the extraordinary projection that this fruit can cause in relation to future sales.
Spain offers a geographic exclusivity that makes it perfectly suitable for maintaining avocado crops with extremely profitable productions, which effectively translates into higher profits and exclusive profitability in the long run to return the investment in record time. In addition to being able to position itself as a perfect logistics enclave to market this product to the entire European region.
Spain enjoys having the most valued avocado in the entire European Union and therefore has managed to exceed the yield and profitability of other older crops such as mangoes, custard apples or medlars .
A morphologically ideal fruit to be grown in Spain
In Spain, the cultivation of 3 important avocado species is basically achieved, in the first place the famous “Hass ”followed by“Strong ”and the“Bacon ”, all with trees with vigorous structures capable of reaching twenty meters in height, but with a root system that does not have absorbent hairs.
The avocado cultivation calendar is closely linked to the quality and quantity of production , which is more than enough reason to be one of the high points for a successful and profitable crop. Let’s see what this is about:
Plantation : March to May
Budding : February to March
Flowering : April
Harvest : August to September
Characteristics that make it very susceptible during its first year of life and where obviously the highest standards of care must be maintained.
Climatic characteristics of the peninsula, ideal for its cultivation
Temperature is a critical requirement for the successful cultivation of avocado, its resistance to frost is almost nil thanks to its fully tropical origin, although obviously this resistance can vary depending on the type of variety of this fruit. Maintaining average temperatures of 8 ° Celsius for the coldest ones and 31 ° Celsius for the warmest ones, guaranteeing a successful harvest .
Likewise, the rainfall in the Iberian zone allows to keep this scenario highly covered in relation to this requirement. It needs high humidity above 50% and a water requirement for the summer of 150 L / tree / day. Therefore, drip irrigation represents the most viable option to save resources and avoid waterlogging problems.
Avocado: A highly healthy and highly valued fruit
The fashion of maintaining a slim figure and consuming healthy food is clearly setting the standard worldwide and avocado is part of this trend. The avocado and its benefits , as well as its contributions of fiber, potassium, substances antioxidants , healthy fats, minerals and Vitamins manage to sneak in as a highly palatable option for healthy diets.
It is also perfect to keep obesity away in a certain way by achieving a perfect satiating effect and avoiding the intake of foods that do make you fat. Also to have a perfect arrangement and the highest flexibility for a wide variety of dishes that can range from starters, side dishes , salads, sauces, guacamoles , accompany tapas and even get smoothies and ice creams.
This kindness to adopt different postures at the tables as well as a rich and delicious flavor accompanied by a texture and creaminess that everyone really likes, are efficient characteristics and advantages that have managed to catapult its consumption. All underpinned by a first-rate commercial strategy and of course competitive prices with high quality in terms of the final product.
A crop where not everything is pink
Although they have managed to recover investments and create jobs throughout the arable area of avocado in Spain , it is also true that a future funnel is possibly being created thanks to the high water consumption of this crop, more than enough reason to turn on the alarms and keep under the scrutiny of researchers and scientists the possible adverse effects of its Intensive sowing throughout the Andalusia and Malaga area.
But obviously it will be time who will say if this crop will be profitable for the economy or goes directly to a major disaster, the truth is that its cultivation continues increasing in relation to its planted hectares and its harvest is also overflowing in tons cultivated , thanks to 3 well-established variables: an exclusively perfect area for its cultivation climatologically speaking, a Increased demand for avocado due to its benefits and a highly competitive price, which when combined make its cultivation extremely attractive to generate money.
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